Education in the Democratic Republic of Congo
The Democratic Republic of Congo has made significant progress in the education sector. For instance, the completion rate at primary level has substantially increased from 29% in 2002 to 70% in 2014. Yet, it is still one of the countries with the largest number of out-of-school children.
It is estimated that 3.5 million or 26.7% of primary age children are out-of-school, of which 2.75 million live in rural areas. Furthermore, the sector is facing a wide range of challenges with regard to quality, governance and disparities.
In order to tackle these challenges, the Democratic Republic of Congo has developed its Education Sector Plan for 2016 – 2025 with a focus on expanding access and equity, improving learning quality, and improving governance and management in the sector.
Three strategic objectives are stated in the sector plan including:
- Promote an equitable education system for growth and employment by:
- Providing all children with free primary education, combined with specific measures for disadvantaged populations and children with special needs
- Preparing the gradual extension of basic education to 8 years,
- Adapting learning to promote social integration of young people.
- Create an environment that boosts quality education systems by developing monitoring and quality assurance mechanisms,
- Developing an education environment conducive to quality learning which is enabled by the provision of learning materials and equipment for students and trainings for teachers Improve transparency and efficiency of governance and management of the sector by:
- Establishing standards and transparent mechanisms for the management of resources,
- Enhancing efficient and equitable management at all levels through improved organization of partnerships, decentralization and deconcentration, and community and civil society involvement in the sector.
Public financing of education has increased substantially, from 9% of public expenditures in 2010 to 18% in 2014. During the process of endorsing the new sector plan, the government committed to bringing the share of its budget allocated to education to 20% by 2018 and to maintain it at that level until 2025.
In the DRC, the coordinating agency is UNICEF. The local education group is chaired by the Ministry of Education and made up of development partners (Belgium Technical Co-operation, AFD, DFID, UNICEF, USAID, World Bank, and UNESCO) and civil society.
All amounts are in US dollars.
Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.
Primary Gross Enrollment Rate (%)
Primary Completion Rate (%)
Lower Secondary Completion Rate (%)
Out-of-school Children Rate (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as Share of GDP (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as a Share of Public Expenditure (%)
Public Expenditure on Primary as a Share of Total Education Expenditure (%)
Student/Trained teacher ratio
Teachers Trained (%)
GPE in the Democratic Republic of Congo
A grant of US$100 million has been approved for the period of 2017-2021 with the following objectives:
- Improve the quality of learning in primary education by developing a conducive education environment which is enabled by:
- Strengthening the early childhood education system for quality service provision, including quality assurance standards and mechanisms,
- Reinforcing teacher effectiveness through teacher training, teacher support and teacher management,
- Supporting the supply chain of learning and teaching materials to improve literacy and numeracy during the early grades of primary education, and strengthening the sustainability of the textbook supply chain.
- Strengthen sector management by improving knowledge of sector performance and building systems of accountability by:
- Institutionalizing standardized student learning assessment,
- Institutionalizing accountability in the administrative and pedagogical support chain through the performance-based financing (PBF) approach,
- Providing support to girls’ education.
- Strengthen sector management and promote greater accountability by introducing new management practices at the local levels.
Source: World Bank Project Appraisal Document – March 2016
Thanks to the work of the government (national and local) and development partners, the following results have been achieved with the first GPE grant of US$100 million:
- Net primary enrollment in the two beneficiary provinces surpassed targets and reached 72% (Equator) and 100% (Kasai-West), which compares favorably with the national rate of 68.6%
- The number of girls enrolled in schools compared to boys has improved: the gender parity index is at 0.86 in both provinces compared to 0.78 in Equator and 0.79 in Kasai-West in 2011
- 858 additional primary classrooms were built or rehabilitated, 81 new latrine blocks built and 27 new water points installed
- 70% of school clusters in Kasai Province and 65% in Equator Province have organized 3 inter-school pedagogical meetings per year
- More than 20 million textbooks (French, match, science, civic education) and teacher guides have been distributed around the country
- Close to 33,000 teachers, school directors and school advisors received training.